An Ontological and Epistemological Perspective of Fuzzy Set Theory

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  1. Turksen I Burhan
  2. For a General Theory of Health: preliminary epistemological and anthropological notes
  3. About this book

The construction of information infrastructures and the collection, storage, organization and retrieval of information are social activities, and inevitably involve technical and technological knowledge. The social and the technical issues in the construction of information and information infrastructures, however, have largely been in different areas of study in information science.

It is also suggested that methods are not necessarily objectivistic or relativistic, but a consideration of their epistemological and methodological commitments is necessary for any study. In the context of knowledge organization KO , we construct our research paradigms around the design, study, and critique of knowledge organization systems and practices Tennis, We do our research so that we might improve the organization and representation present in information systems, either through a basic understanding of their nature, or in more applied recommendations of work with or construction of indexes, classifications, or ontologies.

The historical, epistemic, and ontological commitments in KO have been that if we are right about how we view the domain, its conceptualizations, and its users, we can build the right knowledge organization system KOS.

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Domain analysis is an example of a technique that works toward solving, what we call medium knowledge organization problems Mai, In domain analysis we are establishing what is the right conceptualization of the domain, its conceptualizations, and its users so that we might build and implement the right KOS. Because we are seeking the right answer to the question: what does this domain contain?

We must argue from an epistemically conservative position, namely a position where my statement of what this domain contains is knowledge, traditionally defined as justified true belief. This requires us to align our epistemological and ontological assumptions with our particular method of inquiry so that we form a coherent, and what is seen as a defensible, argument for why we are right.

In this presentation, I will outline these assumptions, the questions that follow, and return to the question of justified true belief in the context of KO and KOS, with an appeal to intentionality as described by Buddhist philosophy Harvey, Information science has classically involved an epistemological duality, of scientific and mathematical methods and also of forms of understanding associated with the humanities and social sciences.

The duality can be traced to the concern of information science with computational technologies and with human subjects. As such, inclusion of both elements seems inescapable within information science.

Turksen I Burhan

The division implied by the duality can still be transcended and an integrated viewpoint developed. The inescapability and value of the geometrical method for certain purposes can be acknowledged, while limiting its application to more directly human domains. For such domains, a contrasting emphasis can be placed on restricting the length of inferential sequences and on empirical rooting and testing of propositions at each stage in their development. An acknowledgment of the value of simplicity links both geometrical and human domains.

A concrete example, for information science, will be given of the distribution of geometrical and more human modes of thought for information retrieval, with specificity obtainable from technological or machine transformations a Google search and combination or generic power reserved for human intervention and creativity. Epistemological purism enables peer review to run smoothly within the field as well as project a coherent image of the field's domain and research trajectory to those outside it. A good way for library and information science to think about whether purism is worth the cost is to distinguish between two sorts of internal fights that the quest for purity might require: 1 how to take forward a common heritage e.

If library and information science professionals see themselves primarily in mode 2 — i.

For a General Theory of Health: preliminary epistemological and anthropological notes

Some of the introductory material of the panel was borrowed from that paper with the kind permission of the authors. The panel offers a wider platform to deepen investigation of the topic and engage discussion with LIS researchers worldwide. Volume 50 , Issue 1. If you do not receive an email within 10 minutes, your email address may not be registered, and you may need to create a new Wiley Online Library account.

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About the book

Lai Ma E-mail address: lai. Jens Erik Mai E-mail address: bsh iva.

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What is ontology? Introduction to the word and the concept

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About this book

Thanks in advance for your time. Skip to content. Search for books, journals or webpages All Pages Books Journals. View on ScienceDirect. Authors: I. Hardcover ISBN: Imprint: Elsevier Science. Bar-Hillel Author Classic Set Theory D. Goldrei Author Stoll Author Set Theory an Introduction to Kunen Author A First Course in Model and Introduction to Set Theory, An Ontological and A First Course in Michael L. O'Leary Author Applications of Fuzzy Set Karwowski Editor A.

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